Contusions occur when a direct blow or repeated blows
from a blunt object strike part of the body, crushing underlying muscle fibers
and connective tissue without breaking the skin. A contusion can result from
falling or jamming the body against a hard surface.
Sometimes a pool of blood collects within damaged tissue,
forming a lump over the injury (hematoma).
In severe cases, swelling and bleeding beneath the skin may cause shock.
If tissue damage is extensive, you may also have a fractured bone, dislocated
joint, sprain, torn muscle, or other injuries.
Contusions cause swelling and pain and limit joint range
of motion near the injury. Torn blood vessels may cause bluish discoloration.
The injured muscle may feel weak and stiff.
To control pain, bleeding, and inflammation, keep the
muscle in a gentle stretch position and use the RICE formula:
- Rest: Protect the injured area from further harm by
stopping play. You may also use a protective device (i.e., crutches,
- Ice: Apply ice wrapped in a clean cloth. (Remove ice
after 20 minutes.)
- Compression: Lightly wrap the injured area in a soft
bandage or ace wrap.
- Elevation: Raise it to a level above the heart.
During the first 24 to 48 hours after injury (acute
phase), you will probably need to continue using rest, ice, compression
bandages, and elevation of the injured area to control bleeding, swelling, and
pain. While the injured part heals, be sure to keep exercising the uninjured
parts of your body to maintain your overall level of fitness.
After a few days, inflammation should start to go down
and the injury may feel a little better.
Main Functions of Ares Kinesiology Tape
- Relieves pain and
circulation and lymphatic flow via superficial activation while reducing
- Corrects muscle
function through reduction of muscle tension and strengthening of the weakened
misalignment of joints
body to homeostasis.
with the body to allow and increase normal range of motion
normalize length/tension ratios to create optimal force
and improve tissue recovery
epidermal tissue homeostasis
inflammation and pressure on mechanical receptors